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ITEM # 
SA678162

John Partridge, 1789 1872 portrait Of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Kg, Gcb, Pc, Frs, 17841865, Wearing The Order Of The Bath

Price

£4,800 | $6,391 USD | €5,439 EUR
Item Number: SA678162
Date of manufacture: 19th Century
Current Status: For sale
Seller: Artware Fineart
This antique has been viewed 17 times in the past month with the most views from France.

Description

John Partridge, 1789 1872
Portrait of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, KG, GCB, PC, FRS, 17841865, wearing the Order of the Bath
oil on canvas
102 x 82 cm. (40.1/4 x 32.1/4 in.)
Provenance
Leggatt Brothers
Notes
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, KG, GCB, PC, FRS (20 October 178418 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century. Palmerston dominated British foreign policy during the period 1830 to 1865, when Britain was at the height of her imperial power. He held office almost continuously from 1807 until his death in 1865. He began his parliamentary career as a Tory, defected to the Whigs in 1830, and became the first Prime Minister of the newly formed Liberal Party in 1859.
Palmerston succeeded to his father's Irish peerage in 1802. He became a Tory MP in 1807 (his Irish peerage did not bar him from a seat in the House of Commons, because it did not entitle him to a seat in the House of Lords). From 1809 to 1828 he served as Secretary at War, in which post he was responsible for the organisation of the finances of the army. He first attained Cabinet rank in 1827, when George Canning became Prime Minister, but, like other Canningites, he resigned from office one year later.
He served as Foreign Secretary 183034, 183541, and 184651. In this office, Palmerston responded efficaciously to a series of conflicts in Europe. His belligerent actions as Foreign Secretary, some of which were highly controversial, have been considered to be prototypes of the practice of liberal interventionism.
Palmerston became Home Secretary in Aberdeen's coalition government, in 1852, subsequent to the Peelite advocacy of the appointment of Lord John Russell to the office of Foreign Secretary. As Home Secretary, Palmerston enacted various social reforms, although he opposed electoral reform. When public antipathy over the Government's policy in the Crimean War lost the Government popular favour, in 1855, Palmerston was the only Prime Minister who was able to sustain a majority in Parliament. He had two periods in office, 18551858 and 18591865, before his death at the age of 80 years, a few months after victory in a general election in which he had achieved an increased majority. He remains, to date, the last Prime Minister to die in office.
Palmerston masterfully controlled public opinion by stimulating British nationalism, and, despite the fact that Queen Victoria and most of the political leadership distrusted him, he received and sustained the favour of the press and the populace, from whom he received the affectionate sobriquet 'Pam'. Palmerston's alleged weaknesses included mishandling of personal relations, and continual disagreements with the Queen over the royal role in determining foreign policy.
Historians consider Palmerston to be one of the greatest foreign secretaries, as a consequence of his handling of great crises, his commitment to the balance of power, which provided Britain with decisive agency in many conflicts, his analytic skills, and his commitment to British interests. His policies in relation to India, Italy, Belgium and Spain had extensive long-lasting beneficial consequences for Britain: although the consequences of his policies toward France, the Ottoman Empire, and the United States were more ephemeral.

Shield of arms of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

Early life: 17841806

Palmerston (age 18) in 1802, by Thomas Heaphy.
Henry John Temple was born in his family's Westminster house to the Irish branch of the Temple family on 20 October 1784. Henry was to become The 3rd Viscount Palmerston upon his father's death in 1802. His family derived their title from the Peerage of Ireland, although the 3rd Viscount w
Internal Ref: 4155



Declaration

This item is antique. The date of manufacture has been declared as 19th Century.


Dimensions

Height = 102 cm (40.2")
Width = 82 cm (32.3")
Depth = 2 cm (0.8")


Seller Details

Artware Fineart
18 La Gare
51 Surrey Row
London
SE1 0BZ
United Kingdom
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